World War One- The great mistake or a justified conflict? Y9 Class Discussion

The Great WarSo having looked at the causes of the Great War, it’s now time to answer our big question- was the Great War a justified conflict?

The Education Secretary Michael Gove says the conflict was a ‘just war’ to combat aggression by a German elite bent on domination, whilst other historians argue that the countries of Europe fell into war “almost by accident” due to one event that triggered the Alliance system- but which is right?

You need to write at least 400 words outlining your opinion on what caused the Great War- was it the complicated alliance system that simply dragged the countries of Europe into a war over a seemingly small event, or was the war inevitable and important due to German aggression? Was it the need to be seen as the best country? Or to have the best military or Empire? Can we totally blame Germany, or do other countries also have to take some responsibility?

Look to:

  • Outline what the war was, and your opinion in an introduction
  • Explain why you believe that to be the correct interpretation
  • Explain how (and why) others may interpret the events differently*
  • Conclude by making it clear why your interpretation is the correct one

*If you can talk about other people’s opinions in the comments that have been written before yours and weigh up their strengths/weaknesses, then even better!

Post your comment, with your name, in the box below, but not before looking at levels:

LEVEL 5

 

  • I can explain the four MAIN causes of the Great War
  • I can begin to explain why one of these may be more important than others
  • I can use historical words to support my work
  • I can produce structured work
LEVEL 6

 

  • I can analyse the importance of the four MAIN causes of the Great War
  • I am beginning to explain the relationship between these causes
  • I can suggest criteria for what makes one of these causes significant
LEVEL 7

 

  • I can argue my case clearly
  • I can explain how the significance of these events can vary according to different people’s points of view
  • I can conduct independent research on this topic
  • I can produced well-structured work
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27 responses to “World War One- The great mistake or a justified conflict? Y9 Class Discussion

  1. World War 1 Assessment; Was the war a justified conflict?

    On July 28th of July, 1914, The Great War started caused by old hatred, assassination, treaties and an arms race. Many things led to the war, but the trigger was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austria-Hungray throne. Franz was killed by Princip, a member of the Black Arm Gang which was a terrorist group in Bosnia whom wanted independence for their country. This led to Austria-Hungray to invade Serbia. Russia had a treaty of alliance with Serbia so they had to stick up for them. As Russia got involved, Germany decided to get involved as well as they had a treaty with Austria-Hungray. When Germany went to war, France joined in as they had an alliance with Russia and a hatred for Germany. England decided to stay out of the fight until Germany invaded France through Belgium. We had an alliance with Belgium so England went to war! In my opinion, I think the War was an un-needed fight. Austria-Hungray blamed Serbia and Bosnia for the assassination of their heir when in fact it was a small terrorist group. Thanks to a small handful of people, over 11 million people died, that’s estimated at about 5000 people a day.

    Alliances

    Many countries got involved because they had an alliance with another country. Germany, Italy and Austria Hungray had a Triple Alliance so if one country got attacked, they all had to get involved to save each other. England, France and Russia had a Triple Entente which stood up against the triple Alliance. Italy decided to stay out of the War until they could see which side was winning and join them, this was how they got their reputation as cowards. In 1915 they joined the fight on side of the Entente. England also had an alliance with Belgium so when Belgium got invaded, this gave England a reason to join the war.

    Germany, France and England

    Germany was jealous of England because of our Navy and Colonies. We had the biggest most powerful Navy and hundreds of Colonies. Germany decided to try and build bigger, better ships then England so there started the Navy arms race. Germany also had plans to take over other countries to expand their colony.
    France hated Germany because of land. In a previous war, Germany took Alsace from French hands and France could do nothing to get the land back. Maybe the war for France seemed like a possible solution to get their land back?

    Kaiser Wilhelm I
    Kaiser Wilhelm I was current leader at the time of War. He was an unpredictable, to some extents unstable, man who wanted to be seen as a strong military leader. Historians think that he was like this thanks to his childhood life where he was treated terribly. A story that gets told about his childhood is about him learning to ride a horse. His horse riding teacher would make Wilhelm ride his horse without straps until he could ride the horse as if he was wearing straps. For many months, Wilhelm fell off his horse until one day, he controlled his horse and rode it effortlessly.
    Another reason for why he may have been like he was might have been the accident at birth where he was left partially death. His parents were super strict so this could have affected his discipline. Wilhelm was also Grandson to Queen Victoria. When he was 18, he joined the army and then in 1888 he became Emperor.
    When war begun, Kaiser’s cousin Tsar Nicholas tried to persuade Wilhelm not to go to war. Tsar says that the war will lead to many innocent men going to their deaths. Even though Wilhelm was told this, he decided to ignore his cousin and go to war.

    Round Up

    Considering many factors, I think the war was a terrible event that could have easily been avoided if Austria-Hungray would have been more patient. Austria doesn’t solely take blame as France’s hatred for Germany made their decision to join war rushed and not thought through properly. If Germany wasn’t jealous of England’s colonies and navy then maybe we wouldn’t have gone to war with them. Then there’s the Black Arm Gang. If they hadn’t assassinated the Archduke, all of the rubbish about Austria invading the Balkans could have been avoided.

    By Oscar Conroy-Purbrick

  2. world war 1 assessment: was the war justified conflict ?

    Jasmine Jessica Floyd

    On the 28th of July , 1914 the great war started due to militarism , alliances , imperialism and nationalism. But what started so many Country’s to go to war ? Well there was many reasons to go to war but what triggered it off was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand who was the heir to the Austria (Hungary) throne. Franz Ferdinand was killed by Gavrilo Princip a member of the black hand gang which were a terrorist group in Bosnia (Serbia) fighting for independence for there Country. This caused Austria (Hungary) to invade Serbia , but then Russia jumped in as they had a treaty alliance with Serbia so there for Germany jumped in as they had a alliance with Austria (Hungary) but then because Germany went to war France jumped in because they had made a alliance with Russia and had lots of hate towards Germany , Britain planned to stay out of it but then Germany invaded France through Belgium and Britain had an alliance with Belgium so there for went into war so by the end we had the whole of Europe fighting impart Italy who jumped in towards the end and backed up Britain as they were winning against Germany so Italy broke alliances with Germany. In my opinion , I think that the great war was not necessary by the way it started however if we didn’t have a war then we could have had a bigger war further down the line as people wouldn’t have known how serious it is so its important we learn about world war and how they started so we don’t have another one so in my opinion I think its a good thing we had a war but I don’t think the reasons we went to war were necessary.

    Kaiser Wilhelm

    Kaiser Wilhelm was the current leader of Germany at the time of the war he would like to have considered him self as a strong leader and to be respected across the world he was very strong powered and stubborn many people think this because of his up bringing as many people know kaiser was partly death and walked with a slant so his horse ridding teacher was very tough on him and made him ride his horse with out any reigns so he would learn to ride perfectly after weeks on end kaiser could finally ride his horse with out any support so many people think that’s why kaiser is very strong minded however some people suggest its because his parents were very strict on him.
    When kaiser became the leader of Germany they didn’t get on with Britain even though he’s queen Victoria’s grandson.
    Kaiser Wilhelm born on January 27th 1859 joined the army at 18 and became the leader of Germany in 1888 and died on the 4th of June 1941.

    Alliances

    Alliances is the main reason the great war started. But why? Well many country’s promised to back the other up if ever in a situation when another country was trying to invade the country they made alliance with. But the main issue with this was that two groups were formed which were the triple alliance and the triple entente which was two groups of country’s you had Italy Austria (Hungary) and Germany in the triple alliance and France Russia and Britain in the triple entente which meant
    if one country was being invaded both countries who made alliance with that country would both jump in and help out. And because of this the whole of Europe got involved impart from Italy who stayed out of it until they could see which side was whining and join the this is how Italy got there reputation of being cowards but did they make the right decision ? Because luckily for them less of there men was injured as they joined in on the war later then the others. Italy decided to join the triple entente in 1915.

    why do Germany hate France and England so much ?

    Well Germany hated Britain for many reasons but mainly because Germany was very jealous of our navy and colonies as we had a very strong navy and hundreds of colonies which caused Germany to try make bigger and better ships then Britain so that started the arms race what Germany had planed to do was to take over other country’s so there colony’s would be twice the size of Britain’s. The reason why France and Germany hate each other so much is because in a previous war Germany won the land Alsace from France , unfortunate for France they could do nothing to get there land back so even before the great war there was a lot of tension between Germany and France and Germany and Britain. So France could thought this was a way to strike Germany back and win back what was rightfully there’s.

    Conclusion

    overall I think that the reason the war started was just an excuse as most of the country’s didn’t get along and was waiting for one trigger to invade the country they despise. I think the whole of Europe didn’t think this through and it didn’t really solve anything the only thing it did do was cost thousand’s of innocent men there life’s. I hope that after world war 1 and 2 that the world realises
    how much damage is causes to everyone and that looking back on both of the world wars it will stop there from being another. And I think it was a great mistake and not a justified conflict.

    Jasmine Jessica Floyd 9BB

  3. Jessica Dunn 9BN. World War 1. World War I, WWI or WW1; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Wars.
    There were 4 main causes of the war which began in Central Europe on the 28th July, 1914 and lasted until 11th of November, 1918. The causes included many factors, such as the conflicts and hostility between the great European powers of the 4 Countries leading up to war. Militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism played major roles in the conflict as well.
    The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, of the Austria-Hungarian Empire started WW1. However it was really caused by disagreement between Europe and a tangle of alliance. The killing of Archduke leads Austria-Hungary to invade Serbia, which was where the assassin was from. This caused Russia to come to Serbia’s aid. Germany then declared war on Russia to back up it’s ally, Austria-Hungary. France then declared war on Austria-Hungary and Germany to buck up their ally, Russia. After that, England declared war to back up its allies, France and Russia. Later, the US joined the war to back up the fact that Germany had promised Mexico if they declared war on US to keep them out of the war in Europe. Italy joined allies in a quest of land.
    Archduke Franz Ferdinand was heir to the Austrian-Hungary throne. He was disliked by many people. He and his wife, Sofie were killed by Gavrill Princip a member of the Black Hand gang who were a terrorist group in Bonsia who wanted independence for their country.
    At the time of the war, The Leader of Germany was a man named Kaiser Wilhelm II. He was known to be a very strong leader who always thought that his army was important. He didn’t have the best childhood, as he was death and was treated very strict. He was Queen Victoria’s grandson. His goal in life was to improve the living of people and he wanted war!! He wanted to prove that him and his country were better than everybody else.
    I think the war was good and bad as it can build national pride however there are many lives lost. In the time of the war, many things were invented such a gas and better weapons. Motor vehicles were developed ten times faster than they would have been and Europeans became fair to all races. Others may think that it was good to fight this out and others may think that it was really bad for the conditions that the war out them through and the deaths of families. Most men and boys were forced to go to war and risk their lives for their country. They had to be 18 to fight in WW1 however many younger boys fought too.
    Militarism leads to World War 1 because of the competition between countries. As on country increased its military, the other countries would increase their military. It became like a race between the countries tom see who could gain the better technology, weapons and soldiers. Between the years of 1879 and 1914, a number of countries signed alliances, which meant that once their ally declared war, they automatically had to declare war. Because of this alliance system, and the countries that has signed, this caused a ripple effect, and many counties were declaring war only because their allies had this, causing WW1.The British Empire was powerful before the war was. Germany’s ambition to expand its economy was being frustrated by British policies of exclusion, although many scholars considered imperialism in WW1 as a main factor that drove nations to war.Nationalism refers to the act of strongly supporting the right and interests of one’s country. WW1, which was triggered off by the conformation between Serbs; who wanted to establish a greater Serbia and the Austrian occupation I 1908, saw the start of nationalist movements as a different countries to protect their interests. It is the strong nationalist elements that led to Italy 1861 and Germany in 1871.

  4. Europe experienced a devastating war, from the 28th of July 1914 until the 11th of November 1918, killing thousands of men, women and children. The war was a huge event in history ending with the defeat of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria. For decades historians have been battling their brains with the question ‘Was The Great War a justified conflict?’ There are many reasons why Historians believe the war started, however I believe that the Great War was not an accident and was going to happen at some point.

    In Europe at this time, there was two main alliances. The Triple Entente, which was formed in 1907, containing Britain, France and Russia and The Triple Alliance, which was formed in 1882, containing Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. An alliance is when two countries make a ‘friendship’ meaning they vow to, in this case, protect each other if a war does break out. Due to these Alliances. Countries took them as a threat. Germany and France already disliked each other as Germany took Alsace-Lorraine from France. A small country located between France and Germany.

    Germany was also jealous off Britain. Britain had a large, successful navy and also had a large empire containing approximately 47 countries. Which bought pride to Britain and a lot of jealously to Germany. Germany wanted to extend their country’s power and have a population that was willing to defend their country at all costs. Kaiser Wilhelm ll was the Emperor of Germany, he was the grandson of the queen and visited Britain regularly at a young age, he was also jealous of Britain’s navy since we was young. Wilhelm wanted to be seen as a strong military leader and wanted Germany to be respected. Due to him being so obsessed with how he is seen as a leader, he always felt he had to prove himself.

    Lastly, the trigger to the war. Was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austria-Hungary empire. He was assassinated on the 28th of June.Ferdinand visited the Balkans, but was very unpopular there. This lead to The Black Hand, a terrorist group, assassinating the duke and his wife, Sofia Ferdinand. Gavrilo Princip, the man who assassinated him was sentenced to 20 years in prison. Austria-Hungary where not happy about the loss of their heir and this was the last straw. Austria-Hungary attacked Serbia, which lead to the Great War to start.

    To conclude, I believe that there are so many factors of the war that it couldn’t be an accident. I think that due to Germany and France disliking each other so much a war was bound to happen and the fact that Germany was jealous of Britain, Germany’s or Kaiser Wilhelm ll’s constant need to prove himself could have lead to him declaring war. So either way I believe that Europe would go to war. I understand why historians may believe it was an accident, due to the fact that Franz Ferdinand’s assassination was described as the last straw. However, again, I do think that there was too many factors too avoid.

  5. World War 1 Assessment: Was the war a justified conflict?
    On July 28th the Great War started due to Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism and Nationalism. These weren’t the only causes but the four main ones. These are the most important reasons because without the countries believing they should keep a strong army ready, all the alliances made between Great Britain, France and Russia and also the alliance between Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary, Germanys need to extend the countries power and their great pride in their own country the war may have never even come close to starting in the first place.
    However the thing that started the outbreak of the war was the assassination of the Archduke of Austria-Hungary Franz Ferdinand. Him and his wife were both shot and killed on the 5th July by Gavrilo Princip who belonged to a Serbian terrorist group called ‘Unification or Death’ but was most commonly known as the ‘Black Hand’ who were fighting for independence in their own country. This then caused Austria-Hungary to blame the whole of Serbia for the Dukes death instead of just the one group of people. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on July 28th. Russia had promised to protect Serbia so they were then dragged into the fight. On July 31st Germany warned Russia to stop mobilizing their army however Russia continued to do so meaning Germany declared war on Russia the very next day. France and Britain then declared war on Germany as they were part of the triple entente with Russia. Then the whole of Europe was at war.
    In my opinion I think that a war was bound to happen as Germanys Leader was set on getting power and the countries would continue to despise each other until they had a reason to settle it, so a conflict of some sort was bound to happen. I believe that if a war hadn’t happened then something even worse would have happened later on, even worse than the Second World War and the holocaust. On the other hand the reasons we went to war weren’t the best and the war wasn’t helped by the fact that everyone had alliances which meant that very quickly everyone was forced to join in what should have been two countries conflict.
    The alliances were on of the main reasons that more countries got involved and dragged into the war. This complicated system meant that even the slightest disagreement other countries would be immediately drawn in to defend that country and so on and so on, like domino effect. The Triple Entente was made up of Great Britain, France and Russia. They surrounded Germany which made Germany’s leader Kaiser Wilhelm feel surrounded and so he made his own alliances with others.
    The Triple Alliance was made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. Italy defied the alliance as they didn’t get involved in the war for a while and even when they did they fought against Germany.
    Kaiser Wilhelm was born partly deaf and had a very hard and strict upbringing. At the age of 28 he became in charge of Germany. He wanted to be seen as a strong military leader and be respected by everyone. He was seen by some as unstable and unpredictable. It was known that he was jealous of Britain’s Empire and Navy as he wanted Germany to have the biggest of both of them.
    A lot of people tend to blame Germany for the Great War but it wasn’t just their fault. Kaiser was jealous of other people armies and empires which made him want to make Germany seem stronger but the war wasn’t his entire fault and other countries are just to blame as well. This is because Austria-Hungary were very quick to declare war on Serbia after their heir was assassinated and if they had thought it through a bit and just targeted that one group the war wouldn’t have even started, at least not yet . Also France and Britain and Russia and Italy didn’t help the fact as they all made treaty’s to protect each other so the war was very quick to engage everyone and may people.

    Taking everything into account I conclude that the war was going to happen eventually as Germany had a lot of aggression to take out on someone and other countries also had disagreements with each other which had to be settled one way or another. I believe this to be the correct interpretation because most of the countries had some kind of long lasting disagreement and fighting was the way that most leaders decided to sort things out around that time as they didn’t think, much about the consequences when they signed into alliances and they just tried to keep making their country proud, like Kaiser intended to do for Germany. Other may interpret the event differently as it is easy to decide that too many people were killed and so the war was a unneeded action and that they could’ve sorted the disagreements out some other way, like Oscar said about blaming the black hands and not the whole of Serbia. People choose to make these decisions as they may not want or accept what the countries that we belong to had done. So they say it could’ve been easily avoided. However just blaming the Black Hand group doesn’t show a way in which the other countries could’ve buried their disputes. So my decision id the correct one as Germany would’ve had to have settled its hate with France somehow even if they hadn’t gone to war, then I’m sure Kaiser would’ve declared it on France and Britain once he had the stronger navy and empire that he wanted and then due to alliances all the countries would’ve been drawn in so the war would’ve happened anyway just at a later date which could’ve had worse results as the technology may have been more advanced than it was in the Great war but not as advanced as it was in the second world war. So I think that although a lot of great soldiers’ lives were lost a conflict of some sort was bound to happen due to the fact most countries didn’t get along and the leaders never really thought things through properly and weren’t very good at trying to sort things out in a peaceful way as that would be seen as weak and that was not how leaders wanted to be perceived by their country, especially people like Kaiser Wilhelm.
    By Erin Richardson 9BB

  6. Was the Great War justified?
    The First World War started on the 28th of July 1914 because Franz Ferdinand the archduke of Austria-Hungary was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, part of the Black Hand, in Sarajevo. This made Austria-Hungary declare war on Serbia who were allies with Russia which brought Russia into the picture but Austria-Hungary also had an alliance called the triple alliance with Germany and Italy which brought those two into the picture now the Russia and Serbia are outnumbered so Russia call in their own alliance called the triple entente with Britain and France. So instead of having two countries at war there were seven countries at war but there were also smaller countries that played a part like Portugal, Greece and Romania for The Triple Entente and Bulgaria for the triple alliance.
    Even though these countries were in alliances Germany were ready for war and they were just waiting for a reason to attack France or England because Kaiser Wilhelm I ,The nephew of The queen of England, was jealous of Britain’s Navy and the British so he wanted to show that he was a force to be reckoned with so he had the largest army.
    I don’t think that the war was justified because it was one stupid 19 year old who thought that he was going to die because of Tuberculosis but he didn’t and he died four years later so he saw the whole war unfold before him. If he hadn’t killed Franz Ferdinand then Russia wouldn’t have got involved then France and Britain wouldn’t have got involved and then Austria-Hungary wouldn’t have felt threatened so Germany wouldn’t have got involved so the war wouldn’t have broken out.
    I understand that others may think that the war was going to happen anyway but this was just an excuse for all of the countries to attack each other but I don’t understand that if this is correct then why didn’t it happen earlier was it just a coincidence that it happened when the archduke of Austria-Hungary?
    To Conclude I think that there was more to the first world war than I first thought and reading other peoples contributions such as Oscar and Laura I agree with them when they said that there is more than one factor to the first world war including the France Germany hatred and Kaiser Wilhelm I jealousy but I still believe that If Gavrilo Princip hadn’t assassinated the archduke of Austria-Hungary then it would have all been fine and no-one would have been at war.
    Max Everitt 9BE

  7. Rhys Brennan 9BN

    On 28th July 1914 the Great War began for lots of different reasons including the alliance system that was meant to prevent war, Kaiser Wilhelm II, jealousy and hatred. The ‘Trigger’ of the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The assassination was carried out by terrorist group ‘The Black Hand’ which was led by Gavrilo Pricip. They didn’t like Austria-Hungary’s rule over their country (Serbia) so they wanted to kill the heir to the throne. Here are the MAIN reasons:
    Militarism
    Kaiser Wilhelm II became emperor of Germany on 15th June 1888. He went to England as a child because he was a grandson of Queen Victoria. It was on one of these visits he saw the strength of the British Navy. He was jealous of the weaponry they possessed and wanted his country to be as strong or stronger. When he became emperor he immediately started an arms race with Britain. Kaiser felt venerable to attack because he was in the middle of Europe. He wanted a war to prove Germany was the strongest country.
    Alliances
    The alliance system was meant to stop war but what it would also drag all the countries to war if one did something stupid as the alliance means they feel they have to help. One of the alliances was the Triple Alliance. This involved Italy Austria-Hungary, Italy and Germany. The Triple Entente involved Britain, France and Russia. After Franz Ferdinand was killed, the Austro-Hungarian leader wanted to conduct an investigation in Serbia. Serbia believed it was just a reason to get into Serbia to invade it. Austria-Hungary then said they would invade Serbia, Serbia then got help from Russia as they had said they would help defend if anything attacked them, then on the 28th July Austria-Hungary fired the first shots. France strengthened their forces on the German border so Germany invaded neutral Belgium and went through the weakened Belgium border. When France was invaded Britain then decided they had to get involved.
    Imperialism
    Britain had the largest colony in the world so that made Kaiser Wilhelm II jealous. Kaiser wanted Germany to have a colony as big as Britain’s. Germany also wanted a bit of land called ‘Alsace-Lorraine’ which was France’s land. Germany took the land it made the French hate them. So relationships between the two countries were sour.
    Nationalism
    Before becoming the emperor of Germany, Kaiser Wilhelm II was a soldier. This meant he believed that a country with the best armed forces was better than everyone else. He felt that Germany was venerable to attack so wanted to show he could defend his country from any attacker. He couldn’t see any fault in his country as he felt it was the best. He was willing to send people to fight a war where there was a high chance of dying just to prove his country was superior.
    Conclusion
    In conclusion I think that the war was probably going to happen sooner or later. This is because tensions between countries had existed for a long time and all it took was a ‘trigger’ to start a war. If Franz Ferdinand hadn’t been killed something else would have probably started it. I agree with Max, Laura and Oscar that there are more than one cause of the war however I feel that the war would have started anyway just with a different ‘trigger’. So I feel we can’t blame the start of the war on Princip for killing Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

  8. The Great War; was the war justified?
    On July 28th 1914 the Great War started. Was this because of militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism or did the countries fall into war?
    The trigger to the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir of Austria- Hungary, the man who killed him was named Gavrilo Princip a member of the Black Hand terrorist group. Archduke Franz Ferdinand was on a state visit to Serbia when he was murdered. This caused Austria- Hungary to launch an attack on Serbia. This is where the alliances are one of the causes of the Great War.

    Triple entente and triple alliance.
    ALLIANCES
    The alliances were a key part to the war; however did they drag countries into the war without a reason? Once Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated the alliances caused all the countries to join the conflict. Austria- Hungary declared war on Serbia, but Russia had a treaty with Serbia, so Russia began to immobilise their army this sent shockwaves across the whole of Europe. Germany was part of the triple alliance which included Austria- Hungary so Germany went to war with Russia. Germany almost immediately declared war on France, was this because of their long lasting hatred for each other? Germany invaded Belgium to get to France; this then forced Great Britain to declare war on Germany as they had a treaty with Belgium.
    KAISER WILHELM 1/ IMPERIALISM
    Wilhelm was in charge of Germany at the time of the Great War. He considered himself a very desirable and strong man. Wilhelm was also grandson of Queen Elizabeth. However he was jealous of Britain’s empire, power and navy, he wanted to rival Britain. Wilhelm was very nationalist and wanted his country to be the most powerful at the expense of others. Did this mean the war was going to happen because Wilhelm wanted to extend his power, so did Britain and their alliance have to stop Germany from invading the whole of Europe?
    Germany and France had a long lasting hatred for each other because of the land Alsace Lorraine, which was originally French land but Germany won this land. This obviously gives these two countries a reason to join the war.
    NATIONALISM
    This is one of the MAIN courses of the war; I think this is significant because when people saw the alliances had formed people wanted to do their country proud and began to hate the other alliance because they were told too. Many soldiers died for their country, but did they know what they were really fighting for?
    CONCLUSION
    My opinion on the Great War is that it was bound to happen with the alliances, nationalism, imperialism and long lasting hatred between France and Germany, however the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand gave all the countries the perfect excuse to declare war on each other. I am also under the impression that we had to go to war with Germany and stop them from becoming a powerful country and ruling Europe. I agree with Laura on that there was so many factors the war couldn’t of been avoided. The war was a justified conflict in my mind.
    Joe Garraway 9BB

  9. The Great War; was the war justified?
    On July 28th 1914 the Great War started. Was this because of militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism or did the countries fall into war?
    The trigger to the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir of Austria- Hungary, the man who killed him was named Gavrilo Princip a member of the Black Hand terrorist group. Archduke Franz Ferdinand was on a state visit to Serbia when he was murdered. This caused Austria- Hungary to launch an attack on Serbia. This is where the alliances are one of the causes of the Great War.

    ALLIANCES
    The alliances were a key part to the war; however did they drag countries into the war without a reason? Once Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated the alliances caused all the countries to join the conflict. Austria- Hungary declared war on Serbia, but Russia had a treaty with Serbia, so Russia began to immobilise their army this sent shockwaves across the whole of Europe. Germany was part of the triple alliance which included Austria- Hungary so Germany went to war with Russia. Germany almost immediately declared war on France, was this because of their long lasting hatred for each other? Germany invaded Belgium to get to France; this then forced Great Britain to declare war on Germany as they had a treaty with Belgium.
    KAISER WILHELM 1/ IMPERIALISM
    Wilhelm was in charge of Germany at the time of the Great War. He considered himself a very desirable and strong man. Wilhelm was also grandson of Queen Elizabeth. However he was jealous of Britain’s empire, power and navy, he wanted to rival Britain. Wilhelm was very nationalist and wanted his country to be the most powerful at the expense of others. Did this mean the war was going to happen because Wilhelm wanted to extend his power, so did Britain and their alliance have to stop Germany from invading the whole of Europe?
    Germany and France had a long lasting hatred for each other because of the land Alsace Lorraine, which was originally French land but Germany won this land. This obviously gives these two countries a reason to join the war.
    NATIONALISM
    This is one of the MAIN courses of the war; I think this is significant because when people saw the alliances had formed people wanted to do their country proud and began to hate the other alliance because they were told too. Many soldiers died for their country, but did they know what they were really fighting for?
    CONCLUSION
    My opinion on the Great War is that it was bound to happen with the alliances, nationalism, imperialism and long lasting hatred between France and Germany, however the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand gave all the countries the perfect excuse to declare war on each other. I am also under the impression that we had to go to war with Germany and stop them from becoming a powerful country and ruling Europe. I agree with Laura on that there was so many factors the war couldn’t of been avoided. The war was a justified conflict in my mind.

  10. World War 1 Assessment: Was the war a justified conflict?

    On the 5th July 1914, in Serbia, Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Black Hand, a terrorist group. Gavrilo thought he was dying of tuberculosis, but he actually died 4 years later, so he saw the consequences of his un-smart judgement. Although Gavrilo Princip may have not know the consequences of his actions at he time, the assassination caused a rippling effect over the rest of Europe.
    At the time of the occurrence of the Great War, France, England and Russia were in the Triple Entente and Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy were in the Triple Alliance. The assassination caused Austria-Hungary to blame the whole of Serbia. Austria-Hungary declared War on Serbia on July 28th.
    Previously Russia had promised Serbia, to protect them during their time in need. On the 31st, Russia started mobilising their armies, but were cautioned by Germany to stop. Russia decided to ignore the caution and continued to prepare for war. On the 1st August, Germany declared war on Russia. France now had a valid reason to go to war, so they did. This then dragged in England. Now the whole of Europe was at war, including Turkey, Bulgaria and the Balkans. The four main causes of the War were militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism, although those weren’t the only ones. Due to long term colonial rivalries between the two alliances, historical rivalries between France and Germany, including territorial disputes and also the amount of jealousy between alliances about their armies and navies. The war wasn’t completely just out of the blue, as it had been brewing over many years. Over the course of many years, alliances between France, Germany, England, Russia, Austia-Hungary and Italy had continually changed.
    During the War, I think Germany was suffering from Imperialism, as they were very selfish and didn’t think of the longterm effect that other, less powerful countries would suffer at their expense. They devised a cunning plan to attack through Belgium, this caused Belgium to become the main battle ground. This was unfair as they were neutral (Favoured neither side). Germany was also very jealous of England, and their navy, although this doesn’t really make sense in the context. As the war between the alliances would be on the mainland instead of the coast. But I suppose they may have felt intimidated due to the fact they hadn’t got the best navy. Also, due to their location, Germany was situated ironically between the Triple Entente. Kaiser Wilhelm II, the nephew of Queen Elizabeth I of England, became leader of Germany at the young age of 28. He became increasingly jealous of England’s navy and colonies, causing him to despise them. This was also another factor that added to the rivalry.

    Conclusion
    Personally I think that Austria-Hungary over reacted to the assassination blaming a whole country instead of just the Black Hands. I don’t think that was a good enough reason to go to war, instead I think that the matters could’ve been resolved. I do think that War would’ve happened anyway due to the vast range of tensions and animosity. Each country had reasons to dislike one another, from their own perspectives. I agree with Max that the assassination was just an excuse to start the War, and that both alliances were trying to find the least significant reasons to start the war with each other. I also agree with Laura about the fact that I don’t think that the Great War could have been bypassed. In a nutshell, I think the war was going to happen anyway, but the reasons it did start were not legitimate.

    Anna Cooper 9B1

  11. LEGGE Hannah- 9BE/9B1
    Was the Great War a justified conflict?
    The Great War began on July 28th 1914. The Great War was given different titles such as ‘First word war’ and ‘The War to end all Wars’ due to the size and mere importance that was rested on the war. The Great War started because of four main issues that most of Europe was involved in and some of the important leaders in Europe also influenced the First World War, but was the Great War justifiable conflict? Can we really justify the death of 11 Million people on paper? Why was it exactly that the Great War happened?
    One of the first of the four causes was Militarism. Militarism was the belief that a country should maintain strong armed forces and always be ready for war. Militarism became a key cause of the Great War when Germany began to compete against the United Kingdom to build battleships after Kaiser Wilhelm II the Emperor of Germany at the time became jealous of the ships the United Kingdom had built and industrial country that it had become. This jealousy began when he came to England from Germany often to visit his Grandma Queen Victoria. When he was over in England he grew jealous of the modern ways that England had evolved to be. When England built a Great War ship, Wilhelm built another four so that he could feel superior to Britain. This made Britain feel under threat of an attack of their newly built up empire. As well as this, Germany was competing with Russia and France to expand their armies. In 1914 Germany had increased their army to 5 million, where as France had 4 million and Russia only had 1.2 million in their armies this made Germany bigger and more powerful than the rest of Europe. This made the rest of Europe feel threatened.
    The Second of the four causes was Alliances. Alliances had been formed all over Europe. In 1914 all of the major powers in Europe were linked by the Alliance system. The Alliance system consisted of The Triple Alliance and The Triple Entente. The Triple Alliance was Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy and The Triple Entente was Great Britain, Russia and France. The Alliance System meant that if a country goes to war with another (Germany and France) the other countries in the alliance system will fight in the war on their side. Most of the countries involved so that they were bigger and received more help from other countries if they needed it. The alliance system made it far more likely that a war would start and once a war started the alliance system in result to the war, meant that the war would spread and increase in size over Europe.
    The Third was Imperialism. Imperialism is the act of maintaining an empire or a collection of colonies. An Imperialism nation is a country that is powerful, therefore it wants to extend its power and take other small, less powerful countries under their rule. Imperialism was a cause for the Great War because at the time, Germany wanted to be bigger and better than the other countries, this resulted in the British fearing Germany over Africa. Often, in Imperialism, if a country wanted to take over another, there would either be a war or governments would intimidate the other counties using military assets. This is what Britain feared. They believed that there could be a future possible war over Africa. Germany at anytime could have started a war over Imperialistic views.
    The last cause was Nationalism. Nationalism was a large factor, as were the others in the reasons for the Great War. Around this time all of the countries wanted to assert their own power, authority and independence throughout Europe. At the time in Europe many of the Slavs wanted to be free of Austrian rule. This was a reason for the war because the different countries wanted to show they were better than the others, a perfect way to show this was through a war.
    All of the factors above were key causes toward the Great War; however there were people who also influenced the War too. Kaiser Wilhelm II was the emperor in Germany at the time. He had become increasingly more and more jealous of the modern industrial way of living that Britain had evolved into. He wanted to make Germany better than Britain. He wanted to be seen as a strong military leader, and he consistently needed to prove himself. His bringing up was tough when he was younger; this resulted in him being ruthless to get what he wanted. His jealousy towards Britain grew when he was a young boy, and he would go and stay with his Grandmother, Queen Victoria, this is when he learnt about the Great Empire that Britain had grown into. When he came to Britain and he saw the great ships that Britain had built he had to compete to be the best. He went back to Germany and built four ships, better than the one Britain had. In his jealousy of Britain, war was thought and spoken about against Britain.
    On July 5th, 1914 Archduke (Austria-Hungary) Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip a member of the terrorist group ‘The Black Hand’ this resulted in Austria-Hungary blaming Serbia for this assassination. This could lead to war. Russia had promised to protect Serbia in the event of a war. So, this could lead Serbia and Russia in a war against Austria-Hungary. If Russia was to declare war on Austria-Hungary in defence of Serbia, this could result in Germany going to war too. This would then bring Britain and France to war with Austria-Hungary and Germany. This one assassination resulted in a ripple effect that spread across the whole of Europe.
    Taking all factors into considerable account, I believe that the war had to and was going to happen. Looking at other contributions and taking in their valuable points of view, I agreed with Laura and Joe in the consideration that the war was based on many different factors, subsequently not being avoided and because of this I correspond my beliefs with Rhys’ in the opinion that eventually the War was going to happen. I believe that on top of the many disagreements and on-going hatred and jealousy that was passing from Germany to the rest of Europe that the Great War was a justified battle. Once the countries agreed to the Alliance system the war was already in my mind settled. Even though the countries may have done so to make their country feel proud and safe, now Germany had the power to believe that it was unbeatable, with the help from Austria-Hungary and Italy. From Germanys point of view, why not? If we are ‘unbeatable’ why not become the stronger country? All Germany needed was an excuse to start the War. In my perspective, even if Gavrilo Princip had not have assassinated Franz Ferdinand (Austria-Hungary’s arch Duke) the war would still have come into being just later on in time, which in a way contradicts Max’s ending perspective. On the other hand, I can understand historians judgement, about the accidental fall into War with Franz Ferdinand’s assassination being the last major incident to happen, I still believe that all of the other factors were that main culprits in the existence of the Great War. Overall I conclude to the fact that the Great War was not an accident and it was a situated on the factor of the wanted domination of Kaiser Wilhelm II over Europe and the pure jealousy he had over England.
    Hannah Legge- 9BE/9B1

  12. WW1 Assessment 9B1 – Molly Boswell

    The Great war of 1914-1918 was said to be the war to end all wars. But why did this war actually happen? Dragging in the majority of Europe and it’s citizens into war, endangering their own lives. Many things could have triggered this outbreak of war such as the hatred between certain countries, the murder of Franz Ferdinand or the complicated alliance system. But which one triggered this disaster to occur changing the lives of many European citizens. Personally i think the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the Austria-Hungary throne. Franz was murdered by Gavrilo Princip, he was a member of a terrorist group from Bosnia who wasted independence for their country. This would have triggered the war because that lead Austria-Hungary to invade Serbia. Russia would become involved because it had an alliance with Serbia. Germany and Italy would become involved to fight for Austria-Hungary and then England and France would become involved to fight for Russia.

    Alliances:
    During the war there was a complicated alliance system, An Alliance is a ‘friendship’ between countries for a mutual benefit, meaning if one country was invaded their alliances would help them.. The Triple Entente including England, France and Russia and The Triple Alliance including Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary. Of course Germany being in the middle of England, France and Russia this was seen as a disadvantage because if Germany declared war on one of those countries, the other two would invade Germany. And in fact during the war Italy didn’t do very much fighting until the end when they saw who was winning and ended up pulling out of The Triple Alliance. Countries such a Denmark, Switzerland, Sweden, etc were neutral countries and didn’t get involved during the war.

    France, England and Germany:
    Germany and France were major enemies, after Germany taking over some of there land previously. This lead to France making a friendly relationship with Britain, so that if they ever fell into war with Germany they would have someone to help them out. Britain had the most colonies and the best navy, and Germany were very jealous. So Germany tried to build better ships, this lead to a naval armed race between Britain and Germany.

    Kaiser Wilhelm ll:
    Kaiser Wilhelm was Germany’s leader, he wanted to be viewed as a strong military leader. Even though he was related to Queen Victoria herself he was still terribly jealous of Britain. Although he knew he couldn’t kick off as Germany was the vulnerable country in the middle. Germany had been talking about war for a long time. Had this been planned? Did they want to fall into war, even though they were in such a bad position?

    Conclusion:
    I believe that the killing of Franz Ferdinand was the main trigger because if one country got involved so would all the others due to the complicated alliance system. Although Germany had the largest army they didn’t stand a chance against England who had the largest Navy. And because Italy who didn’t get involved as such this left the Triple Alliance in quite a bad place. The strongest Alliance was obviously the Triple Entente. I believe that if the heir to the Austria-Hungary throne was not murdered this war would not have occurred. So because one person was murdered, 8.5 million men were killed out in battle. Personally i think that everything happens for a reason, but i think the reason our country fell into war was a fairly silly.

    .

  13. The question’s been around for years. So…was the war a justified conflict?

    Kaiser Wilhelm II
    This man was born in 1859, Prussia, Berlin, capital of Germany. Kaiser was the oldest grandson of British Queen Victoria. The first stretch of “power-hunger” (?) was when he was invited over to England, where in a garden there was a fort that he and his cousin Charles V. He became jealous of the British Empire, having a great and large navy and large colonies all over the world and a die-hard military. Another thing was that he was born through “breech birth,” leaving his left arm withered. When he was eight, his mother, Victoria, Princess Royal, couldn’t bear the next Heir to the Throne not being able to ride a horse, so instructed someone to help him. However, this man was basically torturing the poor boy. Kaiser kept falling off, and despite the tears he cried, the instructor insisted he continued until eventually, he kept his balance and was able to do it.
    In 1888, Kaiser became the next and last German Emperor. He was still very envious of the British Empire, having such great courage and amazing tactics. He decided he wanted his own somewhat “perfect” army.

    Rivalries
    We’ve already established that Kaiser Wilhelm II was jealous of the British Empire for its growing colonies and strategic battle plans. However, the Emperor wasn’t the only person with a grudge. The French HATED Germany when they stole some land during a war. This war was started by France when Germany wanted to declare itself an independent country. The French lost horribly (what a surprise) and the Germans kept the land as “Alsace-Lorraine.” The British somewhat had a rivalry against Germany – they were actually getting worried of Germany’s own growing empire. Russia and Germany have also a somewhat rivalry – they used to be an alliance that started in 1887. However, Russia turned to the “allies” later.

    Alliances
    As mentioned before, Germany HAD an alliance with Russia, but Russia made an alliance with France in 1894 (?) England then joined them the form the “Triple Entente” in 1904. However, Germany had other alliances too. They’d already had an alliance with Austria-Hungary and with Italy. Their formation was called the “Triple Alliance.” The alliance with France and England was mainly for “no-war-please,” while Germany and Austria-Hungary were looking for power really.

    Possibilities of the Cause of War
    Here we are. The question everyone asks: was World War One an unavoidable event?

    Let’s start with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. This man was the heir to the throne in Austria-Hungary. The then-emperor Franz Joseph was in power. Many people, Serbians and Austria-Hungarians alike, disliked Ferdinand, especially a Serbian group called the “Black Hand.” Their leader was Gavrilo Princip. On the day Ferdinand came to the town of Sarajevo, 28th June 1914, Ferdinand was in the second of six cars going to the new hospital opening. A bomb caught the third car and many attempts to kill him by the Black Hand were made until Princip finally shot both the Archduke and his wife. He was arrested shortly after the assassination. In prison, he contracted skeletal tuberculosis and died on 28th April 1918. He never say the day of the war ending.
    Another reason people think the war happened was because of colonial, imperial and military jealousy, especially Kaiser Wilhelm II against England. The German Emperor believed Germany had one of, if not the strongest, army at least in Europe (this is nationalism.) Austria-Hungary threatened Serbia to let their forces investigate the country after Ferdinand’s death. If not let in immediately, war would be settled. Serbia looked to its ally, Russia, which stepped in to interfere. The Tsar, Nicolas II, wrote a letter to his second cousin (Wilhelm) to tell him to not allow Austria-Hungary to do this. However, Wilhelm ignored the message and let Austria-Hungary settle war. Russia then went into two “squads” – one would attack Germany while the other would defend Serbia from the Austria-Hungarians. Germany, sandwiched between France and Russia, began to attack France by going through Belgium. Belgium, being another of England’s allies, was in danger. England then declared war on Germany. One country missing – Italy. They sat out for about half of the war, seeing which team would most likely win. They then betrayed the German alliance and aided the Triple Entente in defeating Germany and Austria-Hungary. On 11th November, 1918 the war ended with Germany’s biggest defeat yet.

    Conclusion
    In my personal opinion, I think the war could’ve been avoided if:
    A) Gavrilo Princip wasn’t so hell-bent on killing Franz Ferdinand.
    B) France and Germany each took a part of Alsace-Lorraine to be even.
    C) Don’t be power-mad – it leads to arrogance, which in turn leads to your downfall.
    D) If Austria-Hungary didn’t push Serbia into letting them enter the country IMMEDIATELY.

    I agree with Oscar: the war could’ve been easily avoided if Wilhelm II wasn’t so arrogant and jealous, France would get over the fact they lost a bit of land, and the Black Hand didn’t attempt to assassinate the Archduke.

    Germany doesn’t get all of the blame – they encouraged Austria-Hungary to barge into Serbia, but THAT wouldn’t have happened if Princip didn’t kill Ferdinand. Wilhelm was basically bullied as a child, which is a possibility of his lust for power.

    (I know I’ve written more than I probably needed to, but hey.)

    Ciaran Hyams, 9BN / 9B1 [History]

  14. World War I assessment- Was World War 1 a justified conflict?
    World War One,also known as ‘The Great War’ or ‘The War To End All Wars’ is one of the most well known conflicts in the Worlds History to date but what was really the cause and was it a justified war?
    The War started on July 28th 1914 and by august 4th 1914 the whole of Europe was at war but what were the causes? There were four MAIN causes of the great war- Militarism (the belief a country should maintain strong armed forces),Alliances (they’ve agreed to help eachother in war),Imperialism ( wanting to extend your countries power and influence) and Nationalism (having great pride in your country and being willing to defend it at any costs). The causes which fall into these categories are: Rivalries at sea and Colonial Rivalries – Germany are jealous of Britains navy and of their colonies,Historical Rivalries – Germany stole Alsace-Lorraine from France and France never forgave them, Alliances – All the countries had made alliances to eachother in some way so if one country was dragged into war the other countries in their alliance had to help them and finally, Kaiser Wilhelm II.
    Kaiser Wilhelm II
    Kaiser Wilhelm was treated badly as a child,leaving him mentally damaged and constantly feeling the need to prove himself. He felt the demand for Germany to be respected and, in 1896, he began to talk of war to ‘pull Germany back together’ and believed in German Supremecy. Wilhelm felt he represented the ‘New Germany’ and he eventually allowed the Russia-Germany treaty collapse, leaving Germany with only one reliable ally left which was Austria-Hungary. When Franz Ferdinand was assassinated Germany backed Austria-Hungary so Kaiser Wilhelm II used this as an excuse to declare war on Serbia and then France. Wilhelm was determined to settle some old scores between Germany and France and also to prove Germany was a stronger and better country than all the others.
    Alliances
    There was two seperate alliances- The Triple Alliance and The Triple Entente. The Triple Alliance was an agreement between Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary (there used to be the ‘Drei Kaiser Bund’ (meaning ‘Three Kings Agreement’) between Germany,Russia and Austria-Hungary but it slowly collapsed) and The Triple Entente was between France,Britain and Russia. Both of these alliances were purely Defense,they would only engage in conflict for the benefit of another country if that country had been attacked first,not attacked another country. So when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia and Germany aided them,attacking Serbia first,Russia had to mobalize so Germany declared war on Russia and France so Britain had no choice but to help. Italy,however,dishonoured the alliance and din’t join in the war till near the end but they joined the British side then as Britain were winning!!
    The trigger was the assassination of ArchDuke Franz Ferdinand which is why Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. Although the assassination was carried out by Gavrilo Princip,a member of the notorious Black Hand Gang,Austria-Hunga blamed the loss of their heir on Serbia as a whole.
    In my opinion the War was an unjustified mistake that killed millions of people and really should of been the war to end all wars although we did end up having WWII. I think if Kaiser Wilhelm II had been treated better as a child he wouldn’t be as mentally scarred so he might not of been as determined on war and proving Germany was the best. Austria-Hungary shouldn’t of been so quick to blame Serbia for the death then Germany would of had no ‘justified’ cause to attack Serbia. I agree with Oscar that there was definately more than one cause of this war but I believe that even if Franz Ferdinand hadn’t of been assassinated the war still would of happened eventually anyway,like Rhys said. The Great War was just a huge mistake,caused by long standing grudges and upsets and also by pure envy and the wish to make colonies bigger and better than any others. It could of been avoided if these scores were settled peacefully and everyone wasn’t so intent on making Alliances to be ‘more secure in a war’ and to honour them,even when they knew what would happen if they joined in with the war. Many people blame Germany of Gavrilo Princip for the war but you can’t blame just one person or country as there were many long and short term causes and the assassination was just the trigget to one of the worst mistakes in the worlds history.
    Tash Reeves 9BB

  15. Was the Great War Justified? Chris palmer 9BE
    On July 28th 1914, The Great War started and the countries of Europe went in to war with the United Kingdom, France and Russia as the main part of one army and Germany, Italy and Austria hungry as the other force in the war and you had Belgaum, Spain and Portugal along with others which wear the neutral countries in the war. There is thought to be four main reasons for why the war started
    Militarism (Increased military and naval rivalry led not only to the belief that war was coming but an increase in military control over the people.) Alliances (Before and during ww1 there was a few alliances the triple alliance consisting of Germany which was the dominant force Italy and Austria hungry and also the triple Entente which consisted of United kingdom, France and Russia.) Imperialism (The British Empire was powerful and strong before the war had even started but Germany’s had ambitions to expand and grow there empire as they jealous where of the size of the British navy and other things.) Nationalism Is the belief There country is superior to all the others and whatever they do is the best thing to do and you strongly think your country is the best.
    Out of all of the causes I have looked at I believe that Imperialism was the most important of the four events. As it says that Germany where jealous of the navy and army of other countries and that they wanted to expand their empire so they could compete with the other empires. If this started i think a war would have started any way as other country’s may not want to be a part of the German empire and would seek help from surrounding countries to fight back this would lead to a war so it is inevitable that a was going to happen.
    These points are more important than other points as they all were happening in all of the country’s so the other country’s may of felt threatened so did what they could to be the best. Mostly Militarism and Alliances are more physical and help to improve the defence and offence of a country but Nationalism and Imperialism help to boost morale and can maybe help the country recruit more as they may buy in to the nationalism and believe that there country is better than the rest. So all the points’ link making your country look stronger physically and mentally to the people.
    The main trigger of the war is thought to be the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the hair to the throne of Austria Hungary, by Princip, a member of the black arm gang which was a terrorist group in Bosnia he and others wanted independence for their country. In Jessica dunns comment she states “However it was really caused by disagreement between Europe and a tangle of alliance” I do not agree with this statement because Austria hungry believed that a the Serbians where behind the assassination of the hair to the throne. So this made Austria hungry want to go to war with the Serbia this then triggered a domino effect of the alliances with the two different countries to form the world war.

  16. Was World War 1 justified?

    On July 28th 1914, the ‘great war’ was set off by 4 main reasons. Militarism, the belief that a country should maintain strong armed forces and be ready for war. Alliances, for countries to group together in an alliance normally to protect each other. Imperialism, wanting to extend your countries power and influence at the expense of other less powerful countries. Nationalism, to have pride in your country and be willing to defend it at all costs.
    Militarism set off the war as the countries involved in the war had background stories and relationship which meant they were not friends and war may of happened anyway if WW1 didn’t start them fighting. France did not like Germany. Germany took a significantly big piece of France’s land in a war before called Alsace France have held a grudge ever since.
    Alliances were the main reason the Great War was started. The Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated with his wife on 28th of June in Serbia. He was assassinated by a man called Gavrilo Princip a member of the Black Hand gang which was a terrorist group in Bosnia fighting for freedom and rights for their Country. This meant that as The Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the throne which was a very important person. So Austria-Hungary demanded they would be able to inspect the death of The Archduke Franz Ferdinand by bringing their troops in to investigate. At this time Russia was in an alliance with Serbia so Russia stood up for them and said if you do invade then we will declare war Austria-Hungary (as they were in a defense pact.) This then made the war to start as Russia was in the Triple Entente with France and Britain who backed up Russia and Austria-Hungary is in the triple alliance with Germany and Italy who back up Austria-Hungary. War was declared on the 28th of July.
    Imperialism was a reason the war starter because a man called Kaiser Wilhelm. Kaiser Wilhelm born on January 27th 1859 joined the army at 18 and became the leader of Germany in 1888 and died on the 4th of June 1941. Kaiser Wilhelm was related to the leaders of England and Russia and went to see then many times as a child. As he became the leader of Germany this all changed. Germany were doing amazingly in profits, money and army forces and Kaiser Wilhelm a very big power enthusiast and wanted much more land. Kaiser Wilhelm was also very jealous of Britain massive navy forces and wanted them very badly. Kaiser Wilhelm also made 5 dreadnaughts class battleships which were some of Britain’s strongest every made ships which Britain saw a threat or Germany trying to over show Britain.
    Nationalism is all about the democratic side of the war E.g. Germany wanted Britain’s navy power and France hating Germany for Alsace. This was a major part to the war because without the background between these countries would be much more hesitant about even thinking about war. Nationalism meant also that Germany had a massive army compared to Britain and France but Austria-Hungary and Italy did not compare to the big armies of all Russia, Britain and France. Italy at the end of the war actually dropped out and didn’t fight as Germany and Austria-Hungary were losing so badly!
    My opinion is that WW1 could have been done in a more sensible way as it was some terrorists who started it off not some nationalists or some citizens of Bosnia. War was inevitable between France and Germany and maybe Austria-Hungary and Serbia but if alliances were not in place this would have been a much smaller war and millions may not have lost their lives in the process.

  17. The Great World War began on the 28th of July, 1914. There were many factors which contributed to the outbreak, such as Militarism (the desire to maintain a strong military capability), Alliances (a union, or “friendship”, between 2 or more countries, Imperialism (wanting to extend your country’s power), and Nationalism (believing that your country is the best). Although these were the 4 main reasons, as the War would’ve never been so big without such greed and desire, one event lead to devastating consequences. On the 28th of June, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie were assassinated in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, one of a group of 6 assassins called the “Unification or Death” or more commonly known as the “Black Hand”, who were fighting for independence in their own country. Gavrilo had contracted Tuberculosis and thought he would die soon after the assassination – instead, he died 4 years later and so had seen the consequences of his actions unravel before him. Austro-hungary now had a good reason to stamp their authority and declare war on Serbia. I think that this was unnecessary as they could’ve punished the small group of terrorists instead of blaming the country from where they came. This was where the countries began to be dragged in – and it gets quite confusing. Russia, France and Britain were in the Triple Entente, and Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary were in the Triple Alliance. Russia had promised to protect Serbia, and so they were now part of it. On July 31st, Russia started mobilising their armies – Germany told them to stop but Russia carried on, so Germany declared war on Russia the next day. France and Britain then declared war on Germany as they were part of the Triple Entente with Russia. By this time, the whole of Europe was dragged into this War.
    Another reason contributing to war was Germany’s extreme desire for power. Kaiser Wilhelm II, the German Emperor, was the eldest grandson of the English Queen Victoria. He had a strict upbringing due to his disabilities and regularly visited Britain, where he grew envious of the British Empire and Navy. He wanted Germany to be the best – and to be respected by everyone. Many people may blame Germany for WW1, but I believe that every country contributed to the outbreak, although the leaders of Germany were especially keen, as they felt they had to prove.
    Finally, the complicated alliance system meant that any small dispute would spiral into a massive conflict and be blown out of proportion as countries were dragged into the war needlessly. E.g. France lost some territory called Alsace-Lorraine to Germany, which caused hatred and tension. This is why I think that, as stated before, each country dragged themselves into it and contributed as they agreed to become part of this system.
    In conclusion, I believe that the War was always going to happen. I understand Michael Gove’s point that the ‘pitiless’ and ‘aggressive expansion’ of the German Leaders ‘more than justified’ the British Military response. Germany were mainly focused on Britain’s Navy and Empire, therefore, if Britain had not became involved, Germany would’ve probably attacked/invaded anyway. Although I do not feel that Britain had any good outcome, I think that it helps to educate people about different conflicts. I think that the causes of war were pathetic and avoidable – some countries, such as Germany or Austria-Hungary encouraged the outbreak and so people may think that they were keen to start war. I agree with Erin, as Germany had a lot of aggression to take out on others, although I don’t think that it was all their fault. I also agree with Max, Laura and Oscar as there were many causes instead of just one that triggered it all. I agree with Anna as the reasons for war were not legitimate. Lastly, I disagree with Jessy as not all Europeans became “fair to all races” – take Hitler, for example, who was the leader of Germany in WW2 – was he?
    I believe that my interpretation is correct as one of these reasons alone would not have been another to start such a war, you need a few good reasons to start a War to end all Wars.
    SASHA BURRY 9BN/9B1

  18. Charlie Goldson 9BB
    World War one assessment- was the war a justified conflict?
    World War One also called The Great War, it was called those names because at the time it was the biggest war that had happened because it consisted of most of the world.the war started on the 28th Of July 1914 and then ended in 1918. The war first started with a few countries. One alliance called the triple entente which consisted of France, Great Britain and Russia and the other alliance called the triple alliance which where Italy, Austria-Hungry and Germany. Then countries known as the neutral countries joined in they were not as big as the other countries but Germany started going through Belgium so they joined in on the war and also countries like Portugal and also Spain. There were 4 rumors that were told as to what caused the war these were: Militarism, imperialism, alliances and nationalism know one knows what caused the whole war it was a mixture of those 4 categories. There was belief that Germany were jealous of other countries for certain things that they had and thing that were better like the empires and Great Britain’s navy, lots of countries thought they needed to have an alliance otherwise if they tried to fight they would loose everything but if they had an alliance then they could be a big star to the great war and also expand there navy and empires

    Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand- This was one of the biggest known cause different to the 4 other causes Franz Ferdinand was in Austria-Hungary and got murdered by a man called Gavrillo Princip he was a man of young age who was part of a gang called the black hand it was a pre- meditated murder there were a number of people trying to murder him but in the end it was the man Gavrillo who finished him of even though Austria-Hungary knew he didn’t it they decided to have a pop and Serbia and tried to blame them it started of when Austria-Hungary declared that if they did not let them investigate there country then they would declare war and that is where it all started and then lots of Europe joined in and then others like the neutral countries.

    Alliances-These was a big thing to the war because if you were not in an alliance then they would get taken over pretty quickly so lots of people were quick to join an alliance. the main alliances to start were Serbia, Russia and Great Britain. then there was the triple alliance which were Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary. then countries like Belgium, Portugal and Spain joined in. If one of those countries got invaded then the other countries go and help them like if Germany attacked Serbia then there alliance would help and then Russia and Great Britain would defend Serbia. At first it was only Germany and Austria-Hungary, Italy only joined towards the end when Germany thought they were going to win but then near the end of the war France joined Great Britain and Russia they were called the triple entente and the triple alliance were Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary. Germany like to better than everybody else so they were jealous of countries empires and the British navy. So when they fought for there name they had there alliance to help them but also Britain did so there navy were better and Russia’s empire was defended by France and Great Britain.

    Kaiser Wilhelm ll – Kaiser related to queen Victoria and he had cousins in England but that all changed when he was Germany’s leader and wanted to better than Britain his cousin sent him letters before he decided to declare war. when he was younger he was still jealous of Britain’s empire he was also really jealous of there navy he went to the docks when he was younger and saw the big boats and when he was older he made boats just as good as the British but the British navy was still better because they made even better ships and they were stronger then Germany’s. he always wanted to have the best military as well. This could have been because he was treated really badly as a child like at birth he had an accident and was left partly deaf also he couldn’t ride is horse and he got strapped to the horse until he learnt to ride it he fell of a number of times and had been seriously injured but his parents said he would lean and then one day he learnt to ride his horse his parents were very nasty and he had a very bad childhood they were very strict. when he was 18 he joined the army and then in 1888 he became the emperor. he had a cousin in England he was sir Nicholas just before he went to war he sent him a letter trying to persuade him not to go to war but he didn’t even think about not going to war he specifically said you will just be sending men to they’re death but there was no reply and he carried on and went to war.

    conclusion- i think we could have avoided the war if Austria-Hungary wee not so quick to attack Serbia but they did which ten had a ripple effect and triggered of all the other countries it didn’t help with Germany and France being arch enemy’s. we were just sending men to there deaths to something that could have been avoided. also if Germany were not so jealous of our colonies and navy’s. i think that after the causes of all these big wars that people realize know why they should not got to war and think whose lives they are putting at stake and they should think twice what is the right thing to do not just join in straight away. i think personally this could have been avoided.

    by Charlie Goldson 9BB

  19. On the 28th July 1914, The Great War began. It was known among many as the war to end all wars. There are however, mixed views on how the war is interpreted. Was it just a great mistake? Or is there a justified reason for it?
    There are four main reasons as to why the war was started:
    Militarism – The belief that it is necessary for a country to have armed forces, that are ready for war.
    Alliances – When a group of countries team up, and fight together; ect, The Triple Entente and The Tripe Alliance.
    Imperialism – When a country has the desire to have an empire.
    Nationalism – When someone has great pride in their country, and is willing to defend it at all costs.
    These are all important reasons for how this war had started, but it was all set off when the Archduke of Austria-Hungry; Franz Ferdinand, along with his wife Sofia were assassinated by Gavrilo Princip a member of the Black Hand Terrorist Group, on the 28th July, 1914. This then caused a rippling effect across Europe, as Austria – Hungry began to invade their neighbour Serbia. Russia at the time had an alliance to protect Serbia, which would then lead Russia into a war with Austria-Hungry. If Russia protects Serbia by fighting with Austria-Hungry that would lead Germany into this heated mess, as Germany has an alliance with Austria – Hungry. This then means Germany is at war with Russia, this has then caused France and Britain to declare war on Germany because They are part of the Triple Entente; an alliance formed by Russia, France and Britain. I think in my opinion, the war was started because of one country blaming another, which then lead to a number of other things, including the chance to get back at another country because of conflict in the past.
    Kaiser Wilhelm 2nd
    At this particular part of history, Kaiser Wilhelm 2nd was the current leader of Germany. He hated Britain, but was the grandson of Queen Victoria, and was rather unstable and unpredictable. Although he wanted people to view him as a strong military leader. Past treatments, however, affected his personality making him very anxious. Kaiser was jealous of Britain’s Navy and in 1905, decided to build a new kind of warship, promoting the countries Naval arms, pushing both Britain and Germany into a Naval Arms Race. Germany also talked of war on other countries.
    Alliances
    At the time of the Great War, Europe was filled with alliances. The main ones being; The Triple Entente (Britain, Russia and France), The Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungry and Italy). However, Italy did not join the war until the very end and in which case ignored its alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungry, to join the winning side which was Britain.
    France hated Germany
    France had a strong hatred towards Germany, ever since Germany took over Alsace Lorraine in a previous conflict. This has always been a big reason as for why France got involved.
    To conclude, I think overall the war was started because of each country despising each-other and wanting revenge but also because of greed, and the need to be the best which is never really a “just” reason to start a war. Also I agree with Jasmine when saying the whole of Europe didn’t think this though and that it could have been resolved differently. Overall, I think The Great War was not a justified conflict.
    By Charlotte Bennett 9B1

  20. EMILY BROWN 9BN
    Throughout the previous comments there have been very interesting and valid points made against the great war being an accident, Hannah Legge “Overall I conclude to the fact that the Great War was not an accident and it was a situated on the factor of the wanted domination of Kaiser Wilhelm II over Europe.” and not so many for the great war being an accident. But I thought about it a bit differently. What if the Great War wasn’t an accident, but then again not caused on purpose or going to happen.
    Many people would argue that one thing lead to another and triggered off an explosion of World War 1 (“The explosive that was World War One had been long in the stockpiling; the spark was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914.” – quoted from http://www.firstworldwar.com). This could have made people think that it was not one persons fault and that it was all an accident that could have been avoided.
    On the other hand, many people would argue that Gavrilo Princip was the one to blame or the entire country of Serbia and that the war was caused by one man and was not an accident. Or that Austria-Hungary could have avoided going to war and that it was their fault as they knew it would drag in more countries such as Russia, Germany, Britain and France. This means the whole of Europe would be at war! This would form ‘The Triple Alliance’, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy, and ‘The Triple Entente’, Britain, France and Russia.

    The significance to the war is incredible and when deciding whether to declare war is a very complicated so although it may seem that you can declare war and off go the countries soldiers, it is a lot more significant.
    There are 4 MAIN reasons for the start of the war:
    Militarism- Many countries believe that they should always have strong armed forces and be ready for war.
    Alliances- As I have mentioned before, the alliances have allowed other countries to be drawn into the war meaning the war will be on a global scale.
    Imperialism- Many countries want power and influence at the expense of other less powerful countries.
    Nationalism- Many people will think their country is the best and is willing to defend their country at all costs.

    Although, as I have described above, that there were lots of reasons that triggered the war. I think that the war was not an accident and that Serbia would of had a very good knowledge that it would lead to conflict around Europe, but none the less there were still triggers that set off the war although I think that it will of had to happen sooner or later. They called the war ‘The War To End All Wars’ but people still don’t learn and there is still conflict/wars around the world, so I think I am clear when I say it was going to happen anyway and that war will never be stopped.
    EMILY BROWN

  21. The Great War.

    Was the Great War justified?

    On the 28th of July 1914 the Great War started. Was the Great War started because of nationalism, the alliances or imperialism? Or the countries just dropped themselves in to the First World War.

    The First World War.

    The First World War started because of the assassination of arch duke Franz Ferdinand, who got assassinated by Gavrilo pricip a highly ranked member of the terrorist group, the Black Hand. The Arch duke was on a state visit to Sarajevo, Bosnia. He was at the hotel where his limo driver had come to pick him up and he had gone to see the prime minister of Serbia where on the way back the limo driver took a wrong turn and there was gavrilo princip was there and shot the archduke and his wife. This is where Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia which set off the alliances in Europe.

    The alliances.

    There were two alliances, the triple entente and the triple alliance. The triple entente consists of Britain, France and Russia and the triple alliance consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. So when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia because of the killing of the archduke, Russia had to start to get there army ready which sent shivers through the countries in Europe. Germany were friends with Austria-Hungary so this meant Germany had to declare war on Russia and then instantly declared war on France but why was this? Was this because of their issues before the war? Germany used Belgium to get to France by invading Belgium; this brought Great Britain in to the war because great Britain are friends with Belgium.

    Kaiser Wilhelm’s effect on the war.

    Kaiser Wilhelm as the leader of Germany at the time of World War I he thought he was the best and very strong figure in the war but in fact he was a jealous man who always envied Britain’s war ships and navy. He knew all about Britain’s navy from his childhood, he used to come to Britain from his relation to Queen Elizabeth I. He would always wish to make Germanys navy as good as Britain’s so he became leader of Germany. Wilhelm was a nationalist who thought Germany were the best and couldn’t lose any war or anything.

    Nationalism.

    Nationalism is where someone in a country thinks its country is the best. This was one of the main reasons the Great War had happened because Kaiser Wilhelm was a nationalist.

    Conclusion.
    The Great War was always inevitable because of the relationship between France and Germany but the archduke getting assassinated was a big push the Great War happening. I agree with Joe that a lot of soldiers died when the countries didn’t really know what they were fighting for

    BEN CARTMELL 9BE/9B1

  22. Jodie Lewis
    Was The War A Justified Conflict?
    The Great War dated 1914-1918 was an experience for many. The war lost a total of eleven million lives all together, that’s five thousand a day. There were many reasons as to why the Great War occurred however the 4 main purposes are Militarism (the belief that a country should maintain a strong armed force), Alliances (causing countries to form a friendship causing them to defend the countries), Imperialism (wanting to extend your countries power), Nationalism (to have great pride in your country and be willing to defend it at all costs). However Kaiser Wilhelm was a main cause.
    Kaiser Wilhelm
    Wilhelm had a tragic childhood after having an accident at birth which left his balance weakened for life. As a child he experienced several treatments which was believed to of made him go mad. As a young adult the army became one of Kaiser’s main aspirations. He wanted to be seen as a strong leader to many around him. However this led to his behaviour being unpredictable and extremely unreliable. He visited Britain lots due to him having close relatives this then led him to become jealous of the army and he felt automatic competition. In 1888 Kaiser Wilhelm became emperor. After the death of Franz Ferdinand Kaiser saw this as a prime opportunity to show how powerful Germany was.
    Alliances
    If a country was an alliance to another country it means that they are there for that country in a war and through thick and thin. Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy were known as the Triple Alliance. Russia, France and Britain made the Triple Entente. In most cases the Triple Entente came out as a stronger group due to them having a larger Navy and they also had a bigger population however The Triple Alliance had a bigger army totalling at 5.7 million. It all began in 1881 when Russia made an agreement with Germany joining “Dreikaiserbund”. However in 1882 Germany formed the triple alliance with Italy and Austria-Hungary. France and Germany then became enemies and wanted nothing to do with each other. In 1904 Britain and France made an “Entente Cordiale” (friendship) however before this the two countries were enemies!
    Conclusion
    To conclude I have decided that the war would have been tough to prevent however it could have been done if the situation with Gavrilo Princip was more under control also if Kaiser Wilhelm was more under control and he had more support. I also agree with the point Oscar made about the assassination of the Archduke.

  23. Gavin Riccalton 9BE
    World War 1 assessment: Was the war a justified conflict?
    On the 28th of July 1914, World War one had begun, A rivalry between countries, the ripple effect bringing in the 2 main alliances, the triple entente, consisting of Britain, France and Russia; the triple alliance, Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary. The ‘Trigger’, the death of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, assassinated by ‘Black Hand’ member Gavrilo Princip. The hatred, jealousy, imperialism and Nationalism of Kaiser Wilhelm II, The death of 11 million people. But was this war necessary, was this war a justified conflict?
    Militarism
    Kaiser Wilhelm II became Emperor of Germany on the 15th of June 1889. He had a very strict childhood, He was partly deaf and had bad balance, and was taught to show no weakness or pain, his life was similar to torture. Once he went on a visit to his grandmother Queen Victoria where he was inspired by the strength and power of the British Navy. This is how the jealousy of Britain started. As Emperor, he wanted his own empire; his colonies had to be powerful. He was Unpredictable and unstable. But he was venerable, he was in the middle of Europe; could be attacked on all sides. So he formed the Triple Alliance, now he had allies to turn to in threat of war.
    Historical Rivalries
    There have been many historical rivalries between many of the European countries. One that may have played a part in the war was when Germany seized a part of the French Land Called Alsace Lorraine. The territory was created by the German Empire in 1871 in the aftermath of the victory in the Franco-Prussian war. This means before the war, France have always hated Germany for supposedly stealing this territory.
    The Alliance System
    This consisted of two alliances, the Triple Entente, Britain, France and Russia. Then there was the Triple Alliance, Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary. They were a key part in the break out of world war one. When Franz Ferdinand was assassinated, Austria-Hungary wanted to investigate which involved crossing the borders into Serbia. Serbia believed that this was a chance to invade and over-run their country. Serbia turned to Russia for help; the Russians replied and were ready to defend against Austria-Hungary. This created a ripple effect on Europe. Austria turned to Germany for assistance. Germany then declared war on Russia on the 1st of August 1914. Germany soon after declared war on France, Using Belgium to by-pass the French border, this is called the ‘Schlieffen Plan’. Because Germany used this option of attack, Britain declared war on Germany.
    Conclusion
    In Conclusion, I agree with Rhys that the war was going to happen sooner or later, tension was rising between Countries. There is more than one reason to start the war. Maybe Serbia could have waited to see whether they would have been invaded or not, if they were correct then there would have been a reason to have been worth fighting for. I agree with Oscar Austria should have been more patient; hadn’t have rushed to a conclusion. Kaiser Wilhelm II wanted to grow and expand; to take his plans and test them against what he thought was the Ultimate Empire, he was unpredictable and unstable. All these facts shouldn’t had led to a disaster, that could have been avoided.
    Gavin Riccalton 9BE

  24. World War One: Accident or a Justified Conflict?

    The conflict that began on the 4th of August 1914 would become ‘the war to end all wars’. The war was fought mostly in northern France and Belgium and involved the armies of Russia, France, Britain, Germany and Austria-Hungary and finally Italy, who joined later on in the war. The war lasted for 4 years with over 11 million casualties. I am going to answer the question ‘Was World War One an accident or a justified conflict?’ In my opinion World War one was not only a justified conflict, but inevitable.
    The war was caused by four M.A.I.N reasons. Militarism: Germany was a new nation rising from several different states and was developing a powerful army and navy to rival that of the British Empire. Hence Britain worried about the threat of aggression.
    Alliances: In the early 20th Century Europe was split into two superpower blocks due to the alliance system. The first alliance, formed in the east of Europe, was the dreikaiserbund (the three king’s pact) consisting of Germany; the remnants of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the might of Russia. This pact broke down after Kaiser Wilhelm II took power in Germany. He then threw aside Russia in favour of Italy. Russia felt justified in joining the alliance against Germany. The second power block was called the triple entente (three friend’s pact) was originally just Britain and France but Russia joined later on. This alliance baffled and probably threatened Germany as Britain and France had always been historical rivals who had fought on opposite sides. Britain had also signed a defensive pact with Belgium so if Belgium was attacked Britain would help them.
    Imperialism: Germany wanted to develop her empire to rival that of Britain and this caused concern within the British government and raised the defensive awareness.
    Nationalism: Now usually a bit of national pride is good but in 1914 propaganda inflamed public opinion, bringing public opinion in support of the conflict.
    The conflict was sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Prince of Austria, setting in motion a chain of events which made Russia feel justified in invading Austria. Then Germany declared war on France and Russia, in doing so, invaded France via neutral Belgium. Thus justifying the entry of Britain into the war.
    Why others may think differently?
    Others may think that the war was an accident; the tensions of the various alliances combined with the simple spark of an assassination drew everyone into conflict. I agree with Joes opinion that the war was bound to happen with the tension and the feel for revenge between France and Germany.
    Looking back however, I think it’s clear that war was inevitable rather than accidental.

  25. History assessment: was the great war a justified conflict?

    The great war was, supposedly, the war to end all wars because at the time they had never seen a conflict so big and with so many countries involved. but was it started because of heavy German aggression or was it an accident triggered by the alliance systems? the four main causes were Imperialism, Alliances, Nationalism and Militarism. It all kicked off because of the assassination of archduke Franz Ferdinand in sarajevo, june 28th, 1914. On a trip to sarajevo the archduke of Austria and his wife were on the way back from visiting the town hall when it was decided they would take a different route back to the train station from which they had come . The driver was not told of this change and as a result took a wrong turning and had to reverse back down the street. Before the visit a terrorist group called the black hand were plotting to kill Franz on his visit and operatives were trained in bomb throwing and shooting. it was when the driver took a wrong turn that Gavrilo Princip, one of the Black Hand operatives, took his chance and shot Franz and his wife dead. This event could be called “the trigger” to the gun known as the alliance systems. The triple alliance(Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy) and the triple entente(Great Britain, France and Russia) were two opposing alliances which meant war was really inevitable. As soon as one country went for another, the whole lot would be dragged into war with them. When Franz Ferdinand was assassinated Austria-Hungary demanded to be let into Serbia, who had an agreement with Russia, to investigate the death of the heir to their throne. They threatened to declare war if permission to enter Serbia was denied, and when it was, they did. Once Austria-Hungary had declared war on Serbia, Russia began to mobilize its troops. This is exactly what Germany had been waiting for as they had been preparing themselves for war and Kaiser Wilhelm, The German Emperor, was just waiting for the opportunity to start a global war. When Russia Mobilized its troops Germany declared war with Russia, as Germany had an alliance with Austria-Hungary, France then declared war on Germany, as France had long unsettled issues with Germany and had an alliance with Russia. Britain were then going to stay out of it but then Germany invaded France through Belgium, Great Britain had an alliance with Belgium so they declared war on Germany. Italy is then sat on the side bench for almost the whole war and then decides to join in with the Triple Entente, as so betraying the agreement it had with Germany and Austria-Hungary and, effectively, joining the winning side. I believe that, although Germany was wanting a war and were showing lots of aggression that needed to be dealt with, The alliance systems were triggered by accident, but it was a very complicated accident.

    Kaiser Wilhelm II
    Kaiser Wilhelm II was The Leader of Germany at the time of the great war, He lived from the 27th January,1959-4th June 1941. He was a very stubborn, unpredictable and sometimes unstable man and many blamed this on his childhood, when he was growing up he had an issue with his balance. This meant he found it difficult to ride a horse which, in his fathers eyes, was essential. His parents told his teacher to make him ride without rains and to be strict. If he fell off he was put back on and this happened for weeks on end until he could ride any horse he was put on.

    Alliances
    The alliance systems were put in place to stop any one country from being vulnerable to attack but this resulted in a complex web of agreements and allies, countered with disagreements and enemies. many people thought the alliances would prevent any kind of invasion from another country because if one country attacked, five more would supposedly end up being dragged into the mix. This put the image into peoples minds that no one would be silly enough to engage any other country as they would then be involved in warfare across all of Europe.

    Imperialism
    Germany was jealous of the Great British empire as they had loads of colonies worldwide, Germany then wanted to extend its on empire by taking over other countries so it began to train more and more troops and started to prepare itself for them to take over new land. When Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia Germany saw the opportunity to take some new land, when they saw Russia was mobilizing its troops this gave them all the excuses they need to declare war. This seemed like a good idea for them at the time as they thought that they would easily win any battle they fought, they were wrong and they soon realised how big a mistake they had made as all of Europe fell into war.

    Militarism
    Germany wasn’t just jealous of the empire but also the navy, Britain has the best navy by far, having more boats that all of the triple alliance combined. This meant Germany started to Build bigger, faster and better ships than Britain but Britain started to do the same, this lead to the naval arms race between Germany and Great Britain.

    Conclusion
    In conclusion i think that The Great War was just a big accident that could easily have been prevented by a number of things, if Kaiser Wilhelm had not rushed into war without thinking of the consequences, if Austria-Hungary had been less brutal in getting into Serbia and if The Black Hand had not got involved then it could have been avoided. I agree with Jodie’s point that if the whole terrorist group situation had been under control it may not have happened at all, however i disagree with emily’s point about the being a sure thing, i believe that under the right circumstances it could have been completely avoided.

    By Kian Bennett

  26. Kerry Dunn
    WW1 assessment- was the war justified conflict?
    World war one also know as “the great war”, and “the war to end all wars” had begain on the 28th july 1914 but by the 4th august the whole of Europe was at war, but what started this all?
    There were four main key reasons of the great wold war. Millitarism: the beief that a country should mantain strong armed forces, Alliances: A country that is defending it’s self by joining other countrys, Imperialism: to expand your contrys power, Nationalism: to take great pride in your country and be willing to defend it at all costs.These are imporant because it shows that the countiries wanted to be the best of all the rest and to try and have the biggeest army over all the rest.But the one that is most important is the Alliances because if the countrys wanted to defend their country they would have to join another country to become stronger then everyone else so they could protect their countries and hope that noting bad would happen to them.
    Alliances
    Many countries had promised to help defend the other contries by by backing them up if any other country was trying to invlade the contry if they had infact joint an alliance with anyone else. When the alliances were formed france made a defensive allience with Russia in 1892 and then formed a alliance with Great Britan in 1904 to keep they countries strong, then Germany made a triple alliance with Italy and austria hungry to also keep there countiries strong. Germany was jelous of England for their collonies and they had the best and biggest navy. If one contry was dragged into the war the other countries in the allaiances had to help them. Italy didnt want to join in on any of these alliances because they couldnt work out which of these two alliances were whining and couldnt make a desition.
    Franz Ferdinand
    On the 5th July 1914, in serbia Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip who was a member of the terrorist group the black hand. He had dyed four years later, although Gavrilo Princip may not have know all the consequences of what he had done at the time on the murder, the assassintation had caused a big effect over the rest of Europe. The assassination caused Austria Hungary to blame the whole thing on Serbia, So then Austria Hungary decleared war with Serbia. On the 1st August Germany decleared war with Russia, and then England were dragged in aswel. This is when the whole of Europe was at war.
    Kasiser Wilhelm
    Kasiser Wilhelm ll, In 1896 he was pulled into war to help put Germany win the war. When Franz Ferdinand was assessintated Germany Austria Hungary so Kasiser Wilhelm used this as a excuse to declear war on Serbia and France, Kasiser Wilhelm tryed to prove to France that Germany was a better and strong country to all the others in the Great war.As a young child Wilhelm was treated badly leaving him mentally damaged, He was the grandson of Queen Victoria and he wanted to become a strong leader to Germany.
    Germany, France and Great Britan
    Germany and Great Britan were enimies, Germany was alwyas jelous of Great Britan of there navy and Britan had the most collonies in their empire, Then Britan and Gemany were trying to get a better army this was called the “Navels arm race (Britan and Germany). Britan was worried that Germany was going to have a bigger army compare to them. So all Europe was worried.Germany felt veinearable was a war as if they were in the middle of everyone else, France and Germany also didnt get along and France woulnt forgive Germany , In 1904 france made a entente cordilaie (friendly friendship) with Britan, Germany was again worried.
    Conclution
    Overall i think the main reason of the Great war was because not many of the countries had got along with any of the others, So they were waiting for something to happen between two or more countries as they could then stand up for themselves. This war had cost alot of money and lots of people had died so it didnt really solve any problems to any of the countries.And i think that the world war was a big mistake and was not a justified conflict.
    Kerry Dunn 9BB

  27. WW1 assesment

    Was the great war justified?

    On the 28th of June 1914 the great war began. Was the great war started over nationalism, alliances or imperialism? Or country’s making wrong decisions?

    The first world war

    The Great War, it all started off by the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. Ferdinand’s death at the hands of the Black Hand, a Serbian nationalist secret society. The Arch duke was on a state visit to Sarajevo to speak to the prime minister of Serbia, his limo driver picked him up from his hotel and on the way to the prime minister the limo driver took a wrong turn and drove straight to Gavrilo Princip (a terrorist) who shot Ferdinand and his wife.This action led to Austro-Hungarian declaring war on Serbia which led to the alliances in Europe.

    The alliances

    There were two alliances, the triple entente and the triple alliance. the Alliance system, or the Allies as they were known in WW1, were made up of several countries. The three initial countries which created the triple entente during WW1 included Russia, Great Britain, and France. The other alliance, the triple alliance consists of three countries Germany, Austro-Hungary and Italy. so when Austro-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia prepared there troops which meant Germany declared war on Russia. France are friends with Russia so France declared war on Germany. Germany invaded Belgium and as Britain are friends with Belgium which dragged Britain into the war as well.

    Kaiser Wilhelm’s effect on the war

    Ever since being a child Kaiser had always been amazed by the British war ships and navy. As a child he visited Britain often as having relations to queen Elizabeth 1. As he grew up Kaiser became leader of Germany during WW1. He was jealous of the new British warship Dreadnought, it was the most advanced ship of its time with thicker metal and bigger guns, it was unstoppable. Kaiser decided to make his own Dreadnought as well as trying to make Germanys navy as good a Britain’s.

    Nationalist

    nationalist is where you say your country or anything else is better than another. Germany was nationalist as they thought they were the best.

    Conclusion

    I think WW1 was not justified for the fact that 1 persons death lead to a massive war between the whole of Europe. 1 persons death lead to 11 million innocent peoples death. That is not justified.

    Jordan Rawlings 9BB/B1

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